BLACK FUNGUS IN COVID-19 PATIENTS


BLACK FUNGUS IN COVID-19 PATIENTS



Black fungus or mucormycosis is a fungal infection caused by a group of mold or mould. It is transmitted through air by inhaling spores of mold. Symptoms of black fungus should not be ignored at an early stage. Prevention and treatment of black fungus include maintaining  oral hygiene, rinsing mouth and disinfecting with an antiseptic mouthwash.


As India is in the second Covid wave, it is confronting another deadly infection named as mucormycosis, also called Black Fungus. It is a rare but life threatening infection.


India reports nearly 9000 cases of this deadly fungal infection with adverse effects in particular, loss of eye, palate and other particular infected organ in most patients.


Reason behind this abrupt surge is unlimited utilization of steroids during covid treatment to avoid hypersensitivity of the immune system towards corona virus, a huge populace with inadequately controlled diabetes, and utilization of mechanical oxygen or oxygen concentrators in an unhygienic manner in enormous numbers.


Usage of tap water instead of distilled water in flow meters of oxygen cylinders also provides this fungus a gateway to enter the human body.







WHAT IS BLACK FUNGUS?


Mucormycosis or black fungus is a deadly fungal infection caused by exposure to a group of mold or moulds called mucormycetes. It is a rare but life threatening infection.


This is an opportunistic infection that targets immunocompromised patients in particular, those suffering from uncontrolled diabetes, corticosteroid treatment or organ transplant.



HOW ONE CATCHES BLACK FUNGUS?



Sources of black fungus are easily available in our environment. It is usually found in soil, decaying matter of plants and animal and agricultural debris. 

 

Spores of mold spread through the air and enter the human body through inhalation.

Moreover, injured, burnt or traumatized skin is also prone to this fungal infection by getting spores of mould on an open wound.


It is also transmitted by eating contaminated food with spores.



IS BLACK FUNGUS CONTAGIOUS?


No, black fungus is not a contagious infection. It is not transmitted between people.


SYMPTOMS OF BLACK FUNGUS


  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Blackening on face
  • Black lesions inside the mouth
  • Swelling on one side of face
  • Loss of vision
  • Congestion of sinuses


These symptoms indicate the condition called rhino cerebral mucormycosis.

Diabetic patients are more prone to this condition.


Other symptoms include


  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fever


These symptoms refer to pulmonary mucormycosis.


While lesions,  bristles or redness of skin is due to skin infection called cutaneous mucormycosis.


PREVENTION AND TREATMENT


Black fungus or mucormycosis maiming Post covid recovery patients in India. A few cases are also reported in Pakistan. 

Here is how you can prevent yourself  from getting black fungus infection.







Maintain oral hygiene.


  • During covid treatment, a lot of strains of bacteria and fungus get a chance to grow in the mouth.

Brush twice or thrice daily to keep your mouth clean.


  • Change your toothbrush after getting a negative result of your covid test.


  • Don't share your toothbrush holder with anyone.


  • Keep rinsing your mouth and use an antiseptic mouth cleaner.


  • During Post-covid recovery, see your ENT specialist regularly.


  • Don't take blocked nose lightly, especially during post covid recovery time.


  • Anti-fungal medicines and injunctions like amphotericin-B injection should be administered, if prescribed by a physician.

TAKE A BALNCED DIET

Balanced diet is a great boost for your immune system fighting against virus during the pandamic time.

Diet chart fir covid-19 patient vary from person to person according to their body requiremnt. Try to avoid canned and processed food and consume fresh fruits and vegetables in bulk.


HOW FATAL BLACK FUNGUS INFECTION IS?


It is a very fatal infection. Mortality rate is 80 percent, if it goes unchecked. Though, proper treatment can reduce mortality rate up to 45 percent. At a very early stage, treatment is possible.

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